Mung beans are often stored in the kitchen, but mung beans are very difficult to store and are always prone to small bugs, especially in summer. Mung beans, if there are bad sectors of mung beans or spoiled mung beans, pick them out.
From sowing and emergence to harvesting and storage of mung bean, the main pests are aphids, red spiders, cotton bollworm, bean pods, heartworms, thrips, mung bean weevil, etc. The main diseases are root rot, virus disease, leaf spot, powdery mildew and so on.
It can not only eliminate weeds, but also break soil compaction, loosen soil, reduce evaporation, increase ground temperature, and promote root nodule activity, which is a measure to increase mung bean production.
Choose a good place to grow peas. Because the root system of this plant is very developed, it is drought tolerant but not waterlogging, so it must be planted in a dry environment. Deep, well-drained soil also prevents the roots from flooding and helps them breathe.
Use 40% salt water to select seeds before sowing, and remove the seeds that are not full or infested by insects. The seeds were germinated before sowing. When the seeds showed buds, the seeds were treated at a low temperature of 0-2°C for 15 days before sowing.
During the flowering period, the prevention and control of red spot, bean weevil, aphids and other diseases and insect pests shall be strengthened, and potassium dihydrogen phosphate shall be sprayed on the foliage in 1-2 times. In the flowering and pod stage of the broad bean, irrigation is arranged according to the soil moisture, so as to avoid a large number of falling flowers and pods in the flowering and pod stage, and at the same time to ensure that the broad bean is fully filled and obtain the highest possible 100-grain weight.
Broad bean has a conical root system consisting of a taproot and lateral roots. The main root is thick and strong, and the depth of the soil is about 1 meter. The main root has a lateral root system, which extends horizontally and grows 50 cm around the main root. Broad bean roots have root nodules, which are pink oblong shapes.
The root system of broad bean is relatively developed, which can enter the soil layer of 60-100 cm, and the root nodules are formed earlier. Stems are square, hollow, erect, and have strong branching power, which can grow from 4 to 5 or 8 to 10 or more branches from the base.
Identify whether mung beans are fresh. When choosing mung beans, you must pay attention to choosing mung beans that are free of mold, insects, and deterioration. Fresh mung beans should be bright green, and old mung beans will turn yellow.